know-nothings, Know-Nothing Party

Previous Topic Next Topic
classic Classic list List threaded Threaded
1 message Options
Reply | Threaded
Open this post in threaded view

know-nothings, Know-Nothing Party


Below is from a 1901 book called encyclopedia dictionary of American reference written by J Franklin Jameson, PH. D professor of history in brown university.

know-nothings, Know-Nothing Party:
A name given to the members of the American party, because, being members of a secret order, when they were asked anything about its organization or concerns they professed to know nothing about the matter.

Except in the earliest days of the Puritan colonies, the judiciary in the colonies was modeled on that of England. In each, the Governor (in the general case) constituted the court of admiralty, the court of equity, and the ecclesiastical and highest probate court. There was a supreme or superior common-law court, from which appeals lay to the Governor and council, and ultimately to the King in Council. County courts were commonly held after the forms of the justices' courts of quarter session in England; and there was a similar system of lowest court, held by individual justices. When, at the beginning of the Revolution, the States made their new Constitutions, they either abolished those courts which were not common-law courts or reorganized them, or gave their function to the common-law courts. Otherwise little change was made in the system. Under the Continental Congress the beginnings of a Federal judiciary are seen in the operations of the commissions which decided land cases between States, and and in those of the commissions of appeal in prize causes, which, in 1781, under the Articles of Confederation, was erected into a more regular court. The Constitution of 1787 provided for a Supreme Court , and such inferior courts as Congress might establish. By the Judiciary Act of 1789, Congress established circuit and district courts. (See arts. Supreme Court, Circuit Courts and District Courts.) These constituted the Federal system until 1891, when the Circuit Courts of Appeal were added. Colonial Judges were mostly appointed by the Governors. In some States this feature was retained; in most, it has now become the rule that judges are elected by the people. Beside the strictly Federal Courts provided by the Constitution, Congress has established a system of Territorial Courts, and the Court of Claims.

Anti-Monopoly Party:
Was formed May 14, 1884 at Chicago, demanding economical government, equitable laws, including an Interstate Commerce law, laws establishing labor bureaus and providing industrial arbitration, direct vote for Senators, graduated income tax, payment of the national debt as it matures, and "fostering care" for agriculture, and denouncing the tariff and the granting of land to corporations. It joined later with the Greenback Labor Party under the name of the "People's Party."